As you know by now, because your overall health and safety is our utmost priority, we are closely following every safety and infection control procedure recommended by the ADA and CDC. However, going way beyond these recommendations, in July we installed 2 Jade Surgically Clean Air Filtration Systems. Our office size would require only one Jade unit to kill viruses and bacteria 6 times an hour, but we are so committed to you that we have installed 2 units, one in front of each dental chair. You can be assured that our air is always the safest because we leave the systems on 24/7.

The Jade is patented and industry-leading and is the only air purification system that incorporates 6 different technologies which include, Hydroxl, UV and electronic cell catalytics, and Hepa-RX. The Jade is measured and peer-reviewed to eliminate viruses less than 0.1 microns (the corona virus is measured at .125 microns) and is tested globally with over 70,000 units installed worldwide.

Please click on the link below if you would like further information.


With our warmest wishes for your health and safety, we look forward to seeing you soon and continuing to keep you as healthy as possible.

Dr. Cortese and Staff

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Effective Sleep Apnea Treatment in Princeton, NJ

Resolve Your Sleep Apnea Symptoms

Do you or your spouse snore loudly and or gasp for air at night, interrupting your quality sleep? While snoring can be a mostly harmless annoyance, it can also be a symptom of sleep apnea. At our Princeton dental practice, Dr. Cortese works in close collaboration with sleep specialists to diagnose and treat a variety of sleep disorders.

If you’re looking for effective sleep apnea treatments in Princeton, NJ, Dr. Cortese can help. Find out what our sleep apnea solutions could mean for your sleep and overall health.

What Is Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that interferes with your ability to breathe during sleep. Episodes of sleep apnea occur when the soft tissues of the palate relax in the back of the throat, blocking the airway and interrupting the flow of air. This causes patients with sleep apnea to be repeatedly roused from sleep throughout the night.

When the brain recognizes that the flow of oxygen has halted, it signals the body to wake up and gasp for air. These episodes can happen dozens or hundreds of times a night, but most patients will have no memory of them the next morning. Each episode interrupts your natural sleep cycle, preventing patients from benefiting from the deep, restorative sleep their body needs.


Figure 1 A mandibular advancement appliance that works well for bruxers

The Health Risks of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a serious health concern. It prevents the body from receiving the oxygen it needs to recuperate and keeps the brain from completing the restorative functions of deep sleep. If left untreated, sleep apnea can lead to serious health complications, including:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Mood disorders

A lack of quality sleep can also result in daytime fatigue and other cognitive problems such as difficulty concentrating, memory issues, and mood changes.

Sleep Apnea Symptoms

Loud and frequent snoring is the most common symptom of sleep apnea. However, not everyone who snores will suffer from a sleep disorder. Other symptoms of sleep apnea to be careful about include:

  • Irregular breathing patterns
  • Gasping for air during sleep
  • Waking up with a sore or dry throat
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Moodiness, irritability, and depression
  • Low energy and a lack of motivation
  • Morning headaches
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Frequent urination at night
  • Reduced libido
  • Nighttime sweating
  • Recent weight gain

If you’ve noticed any of these symptoms, you may be suffering from sleep apnea. Typically, OSA is diagnosed by a sleep specialist after completing a sleep study. After a diagnosis has been established, Dr. Cortese will discuss your treatment options.

Our Sleep Apnea Treatments

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

One of the most commonly prescribed sleep apnea treatments is a device called the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine. It consists of a mask that’s worn over the nose (and possibly mouth) to deliver a constant stream of pressurized air into the throat. The positive air pressure keeps the upper airway open and prevents any pauses or interruptions in breathing.

Individuals that sleep with a CPAP machine report snoring less, sleeping better, and having more energy during the day. However, some patients find CPAP machines too noisy or uncomfortable to sleep with. These patients may opt for a specially designed oral appliance that keeps the airway open and alleviates sleep-disordered breathing.

Oral Appliance Therapy

Oral appliances for sleep apnea are customized mouthguards that adjust the position of the jaw during use. When worn to bed, the appliance helps keep the airway open to prevent episodes of obstructive sleep apnea. Oral appliance therapy is typically recommended to treat mild to moderate cases of obstructive sleep apnea.

Your oral appliance will be custom-made to fit your mouth comfortably and address your unique case. Oral appliances are silent, simple to use, and discreet enough to wear while traveling abroad. Patients typically describe similar benefits to CPAP therapy and are able to achieve the quality of sleep their minds and body need.

Pediatric Sleep Apnea

While relatively rare, children can also be affected by sleep apnea. Signs of pediatric sleep apnea include:

  • Snoring
  • Poor performance in school
  • Hyperactivity
  • Hostility or anger
  • Breathing through the mouth instead of the nose
  • Regularly reporting a sore throat or headache in the morning

If your child snores loudly and chronically, it’s important to have them evaluated by a sleep specialist for sleep apnea. The American Association of Pediatrics "Practice Parameters" recently stated that all children should be screened for snoring because of the significant overlap between snoring and sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is a medical condition that is diagnosed by a medical doctor, but dentists are on the front line of screening for this condition and working with sleep physicians, ear-nose-throat doctors (ENT), and other medical professionals to provide treatment.

Adult therapies for the management of OSA are not suitable for children. Therapies such as CPAP and oral appliance therapy have been known to arrest the skeletal development of growing children. Luckily, with a proper diagnosis and communication between dentists and medical specialists, Dr. Cortese can help cure pediatric sleep apnea.

Frequently Asked Questions

A stethoscope and a tag that says sleep apnea

Is sleep apnea dangerous or life-threatening?

Studies show that sleep apnea is linked to a heightened risk of serious, life-threatening conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and more. People with untreated sleep apnea can also suffer from serious mental health conditions like depression or anxiety due to a chronic lack of quality sleep. Because of the risks associated with sleep apnea, early detection and intervention are critical.

If my spouse or I snore loudly, could sleep apnea be the cause?

While snoring is the most common sign of sleep apnea, not everyone who snores has a sleep disorder. However, if your snoring is coupled with other signs or symptoms, it’s in your best interest to be evaluated by a sleep specialist. A sleep study can determine whether you or your partner is suffering from sleep-disordered breathing and help with determining treatment.

How is sleep apnea treated?

Sleep apnea can be treated in a few different ways. The traditional method involves a bulky CPAP machine to keep the airway open during sleep. Newer treatments use comfortable and discreet oral appliances to keep the airway open. Dr. Cortese helps to fit patients with these oral appliances to stop their episodes of sleep apnea.

Contact Princeton Prosthodontics For Sleep Apnea Relief

If you’d like more information about sleep apnea and our reliable treatment solutions, schedule a consultation with Dr. Cortese. Contact our Princeton office by calling (609) 552-0800. You can also get in touch with us through our online contact form.

Dr. Cortese proudly offers his years of expertise to patients in the Princeton, NJ area and the surrounding areas, including Trenton, Montgomery, and East Windsor, NJ. We look forward to helping you achieve the quality sleep you deserve.

Princeton Prosthodontics - Dr. Michael Cortese

Dr. Michael Cortese image
Dr. Michael Cortese is a leading and highly sought-after Maxillofacial Prosthodontist. He one of only 350 accredited Maxillofacial Prosthodontists worldwide. Having completed his education at the University of Notre Dame and Farleigh Dickinson University School of Dentistry, he received his Certificate in Maxillofacial Prosthetics and Dental Oncology from the University of Texas Health Science Center M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute. He has over three and a half decades of experience and constantly focuses on ensuring that patients have a healthy and beautiful smile. Dr. Cortese takes pride in providing his patients with customized treatments using modern equipment and techniques. He sincerely believes in thoroughly understanding your concerns and requirements to ensure your comfort and satisfaction throughout the course of any treatment or procedure.